70 Years After—Did Hitler Really Want War?

On Sept. 1, 1939, 70 years ago, the
German Army crossed the Polish frontier. On Sept. 3,
Britain declared war.

Six years later, 50 million
Christians and Jews had

. Britain was


, Germany a smoldering ruin. Europe had
served as the site of the most murderous combat known to
man, and civilians had suffered worse horrors than the

By May 1945,

Red Army
hordes occupied all the great capitals of
Central Europe: Vienna, Prague, Budapest, Berlin. A
hundred million Christians were under the heel of the
most barbarous tyranny in history: the Bolshevik regime
of the greatest terrorist of them all, Joseph Stalin.

What cause could justify such

The German-Polish war had come out
of a quarrel over a town the size of Ocean City, Md., in
summer. Danzig, 95 percent German, had been severed from
Germany at Versailles in violation of Woodrow Wilson`s
principle of self-determination. Even British leaders
thought Danzig should be returned.

Why did Warsaw not negotiate with
Berlin, which was hinting at an offer of compensatory
territory in Slovakia? Because the

Poles had a war guarantee from
Britain that, should
Germany attack, Britain and her empire would come to
Poland`s rescue.

But why would Britain hand an
unsolicited war guarantee to a junta of Polish colonels,
giving them the power to drag Britain into a second war
with the most powerful nation in Europe?

Was Danzig worth a war? Unlike the
7 million Hong Kongese whom the

British surrendered to Beijing,
who didn`t want to
go, the Danzigers were clamoring to return to Germany.

Comes the response: The war
guarantee was not about Danzig, or even about Poland. It
was about the moral and strategic imperative
"to stop Hitler"
after he showed, by tearing up the Munich pact and
Czechoslovakia with it, that he was out to conquer the
world. And this Nazi beast could not be allowed to do

If true, a fair point. Americans,
after all, were prepared to use atom bombs to keep the
Red Army from the Channel. But where is the evidence
that Adolf Hitler, whose victims as of March 1939 were a
fraction of Gen.

, or
`s, was out to conquer the world?

After Munich in 1938,
Czechoslovakia did indeed crumble and come apart. Yet
consider what became of its parts.

The Sudeten Germans were returned
to German rule, as they wished. Poland had annexed the
tiny disputed region of Teschen, where thousands of
Poles lived. Hungary`s ancestral lands in the south of
Slovakia had been returned to her. The Slovaks had their
full independence guaranteed by Germany. As for the
Czechs, they came to Berlin for the same deal as the
Slovaks, but Hitler insisted they accept a protectorate.

Now one may despise what was done,
but how did this partition of Czechoslovakia manifest a
Hitlerian drive for world conquest?

Comes the reply: If Britain had not
given the war guarantee and gone to war, after
Czechoslovakia would have come Poland`s turn, then
Russia`s, then France`s, then Britain`s, then the United

We would all be speaking German

But if Hitler was out to conquer
the world—Britain, Africa, the Middle East, the United
States, Canada, South America, India, Asia,
Australia—why did he spend three years building that
hugely expensive Siegfried Line to protect Germany from
France? Why did he start the war with no surface fleet,
no troop transports and only 29 oceangoing submarines?
How do you conquer the world with a navy that can`t get
out of the Baltic Sea?

If Hitler wanted the world, why did
he not build strategic bombers, instead of two-engine
Dorniers and Heinkels that could not even reach Britain
from Germany?

Why did he let the British army go
at Dunkirk?

Why did he offer the British peace,
twice, after Poland fell, and again after France fell?

Why, when Paris fell, did Hitler
not demand the French fleet, as the Allies demanded and
got the Kaiser`s fleet? Why did he not demand bases in
French-controlled Syria to attack Suez? Why did he beg
Benito Mussolini not to attack Greece?

Because Hitler wanted to end the
war in 1940, almost two years before the trains began to
roll to the camps.

Hitler had never wanted war with
Poland, but an alliance with Poland such as he had with
Francisco Franco`s Spain, Mussolini`s Italy, Miklos
Horthy`s Hungary and Father Jozef Tiso`s Slovakia.

Indeed, why would he want war when,
by 1939, he was surrounded by allied, friendly or
neutral neighbors, save France. And he had written off
Alsace, because reconquering Alsace meant war with
France, and that meant war with Britain, whose empire he
admired and whom he had always sought as an ally.

As of March 1939, Hitler did not
even have a border with Russia. How then could he invade

Winston Churchill was right when he
called it "The
Unnecessary War"
—the war that may yet prove the
mortal blow to our civilization.



Patrick J. Buchanan


no introduction
to VDARE.COM readers;
his book
State of Emergency: The Third World Invasion and Conquest of America, can be ordered from Amazon.com. His latest book
is Churchill,
Hitler, and "The Unnecessary War": How Britain Lost Its
Empire and the West Lost the World,



Paul Craig Roberts.