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National Data | Non-Citizens, Hispanics Get Most New American Jobs
More than a million new jobs have been created in the U.S. so far this year. Despite the apparent end of the jobless recovery, President Bush's economic approval rating among likely voters hasn't budged. A recent analysis by the Pew Hispanic Center offers several possible explanations for the economic/political disconnect:
1. Non-voters Are Getting a Disproportionate Share of New Jobs. In the 12 months ended March 31st, the economy added a total of 1.33 million new jobs. (Table 1) During this period:
- Non-citizens, i.e. individuals ineligible to vote in U.S. elections, captured 378,500, or 28.5 percent, of all new jobs
- Job growth among non-citizens (3.3 percent) was more than four-times that of citizens (0.8 percent)
- In swing states, non-citizens account for 6 percent of total employment, but 21.8 percent of all new jobs created
All in all, the share of new jobs garnered by non-citizens (28.5 percent) was three-times their share of the U.S. labor force (8.6 percent.)
2. Hispanics dominate the new job market. For a Republican, George W. Bush does fairly well with Hispanic voters (that is. merely terrible rather than utterly catastrophic). But his 31 percent share of the Latino vote in 2000 merely reinforces this reality: the Republican Party is fundamentally a white party. [See the analysis of demographics and political destiny by Peter Brimelow and myself:
With this in mind, the ethnic distribution of new jobs created over the past year does not bode well for Republican prospects: (Table 2.)
- More than half – 53 percent – of all new jobs created in the last 12 months went to Hispanics
- Virtually all Hispanic job growth was among newly arrived (2000 or later) immigrants
- Native-born Hispanics and pre-2000 Hispanic immigrant cohorts lost a combined 43,526 jobs
The last point is especially troubling for Republicans. This segment of the Hispanic population is: a) the most likely to vote, and b) the most likely to contain the acculturated, conservative Hispanics who voted for George Bush in 2000.
3. Real wages have stagnated for Hispanics and Non-Hispanics alike. (Table 3) Over the 2-year period ending in the first quarter of 2004:
- Real median weekly wages for Hispanic workers fell from $403 to $395, down by 2.0 percent
- Real median wage for non-Hispanic whites fell from $597 to $593, down by 0.7 percent
- The real median wage for non-Hispanic Blacks fell from $477 to $474, down by 0.6 percent
What we see here is predictable: employers are shifting to newly arrived, often illegal, Hispanic immigrants who are willing to work for less than legal immigrants and natives.
The newly arrived immigrants depress wages for all racial groups, especially those they compete most directly with, i.e., other Hispanics.
Now it's happening.
[Number fans click here for tables.]