“Do As I Say”: The Paradox Of Eugenics And The Jews


John Glad, now
69, is a retired scholar of Russian studies and expert
on Russian exile literature. He has had a distinguished
career as a former director of the Kennan Institute for
Advanced Russian Studies in the Woodrow Wilson
International Center for scholars, Guggenheim Fellow,
and professor of Russian Studies at the University of
Maryland. Glad was the chief translator of
The Black Book:

The Ruthless Murder of Jews by German-Fascist Invaders
Throughout the Temporarily Occupied Regions of the
Soviet Union and in the Death Camps of Poland during the
War 1941-1945
(Holocaust Library) and thus occupies
a unique position as a Russian scholar who documented
the mass murder of Jews in Eastern Europe during World
War II.


 In 2006, Glad
published Future Human Evolution: Eugenics in the Twenty-First Century ,
a concise reappraisal of the scientific
basis of eugenics. Smith College`s

Seymour Itzkoff
noted in the preface that Glad had
“clearly and
authoritatively”
reaffirmed the
“humanistic
tradition”
of eugenics. Itzkoff credited Glad with

debunking the widely-believed idea
that the
Holocaust was the culmination of eugenic policies
implemented by goose-stepping mad scientists under the
auspices of the Third Reich. (Future
Human Evolution
can be downloaded free of charge—in
any of 13 languages!—
here
.)


Now, after five years of additional research, Glad has
expanded one of the chapters of
Future Human
Evolution
into a new book:
Jewish Eugenics
. It`s likely to stir a hornet`s nest
for candidly assessing two interconnected,

career-ending
, Politically Incorrect subjects: Jews
and eugenics.


Glad`s controversial thesis: since the 1960s, a
prominent group of Jewish public intellectuals has been
systematically and unscrupulously campaigning to
discredit eugenics—but, in a great paradox, other Jewish
intellectuals, and Zionists, have been

actively interested in eugenic principles
, both
historically and currently,
 to secure the

posterity
—health and wellbeing—of Jews.
Collectively, it amounts to a case of Do As I Say—Not As
I Do.


Indeed, Glad`s research suggests that

Judaism itself has eugenic implications
. He
considers Jewry as applied Darwinian theory: the
practice of

group-based natural selection
for successful human
traits, such as mental and physical attributes of
intelligence (high
IQ
) and health (reproductive fitness, elimination of

genetic diseases
, etc.). In Glad`s own words:


“The essence of Jewry lies not in any purported genetic
preservationism, but rather in its eugenic dynamism. By
maintaining high barriers to genetic interlopers, but
not excluding them entirely, a constant influx of
high-quality genes was achieved, producing superior
intelligence. The

Jewish-British
geneticist and eugenicist
Redcliffe
Salaman
formulated

the most accurate definition
: an endogamous family.” 


Early in the book, Glad reflects on the intellectual
voyage that led him, as a humanitarian, to the topic
that would dominate his retirement years, and more
precisely to seek the answer to why
“ideology was
dictating the resolution of scientific questions…. So I
resolved to learn about eugenics on my own—the best way
to learn anything, really….”


Glad explains:


“Recognizing
in
Washington, D.C.
(where else?!) the crucial role
played by Jews in

intellectual life and politics
, and by some Jews in
the suppression of the eugenics movement, I resolved to
go back to basics and create a chronology of the
shifting Jewish viewpoints that have led us to where we
find ourselves today. And, as the reader will see, the
deeper I dug, the more I found. It is now indisputable
that much of what might be termed `accepted eugenics
narrative` is in crass discordance with the historical
facts.”


In painstaking detail, Glad explains how eugenics was a
robust, respectable scientific movement in the early
1900s, an
“interdisciplinary conceptualization of the genetic
consequences of social practices…”
which strove to
“replace natural
selection with scientific selection”
. Of course,
Glad is right. At one time the ranks of the

eugenics movement
in the United States and Europe
included a remarkable number of eminent
figures—university presidents, such as Stanford
President

David Starr Jordan
and Harvard University President
A. Lawrence Lowell; Anglican priest

William Inge,
Dean of St. Paul`s Cathedral;
population geneticists Ronald A. Fisher and J.B.S.
Haldane; inventor Alexander Graham Bell; economist John
Maynard Keynes; Leonard Darwin; H. G. Wells; George
Bernard Shaw;

Arthur Balfour;
Vernon Kellogg (of the prominent

cereal
family); the Carnegie Institute; Havelock
Ellis; Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger; Nobel
laureates Herman Muller and

William Shockley
; award-winning physiologist Dwight
J. Ingle, founding editor of
Perspectives in
Biology and Medicine
; Yale University Geographer
Ellsworth Huntington
; 
and scores of other names from the social,
biological, and medical sciences.


Glad even reminds readers that Winston Churchill, the
much-lionized British Prime Minister during World War
II, was an

avid eugenicist
—a particular irony, given that
Marxist-leaning Jewish critics have used
guilt-by-association tactics to smear the eugenics
movement as crypto-Nazi.


Glad`s research has led him to conclude that the Nazi
atrocities were not eugenics-inspired. The mass murder
of Jews was an act of revenge and
“the result was
decidedly dysgenic”
. 
Nor was this alleged connection recognized at the
time. Glad writes:



“During the first 47 years following the end of World
War II—nearly a half century—only one book associating
`eugenics` with `Holocaust` is shown by a `Worldcat`
search.”


But the anti-eugenics activism of Jewish academics was
presaged by the race denial of
Franz
Boas
, Ashley Montagu, and others. 
Montagu was the main author of

UNESCO`s
notoriously denialist


"Race" statement in
1950.
After the 1960s, a publishing
cottage industry developed, from Robert Jay Lifton`s
The Nazi Doctors
to Arthur Caplan`s edited volume
When Medicine Went Mad to Edwin Black`s
War Against the Weak, aiming to discredit eugenics by linking it to
the Holocaust. 
Other Jewish scholars vocally spearheading this
anti-eugenics
jihad
included

Daniel Kevles
, Richard

Lewontin
, Leon

Kamin
,

Steven Rose
,
Stephen Jay Gould,
Ashley Montagu, and

Sander Gilman.
Glad argues that they have succeeding
in perpetrating anti-eugenic fallacies as an
intellectual orthodoxy in academia—an orthodoxy that
relies on
argumentum ad verecundiam

(argument from authority).


The rise of this anti-eugenic Jewish clique in the
biological and social sciences can be viewed as a
reaction to what Steven Rose, the biologist and radical
critic of evolutionary psychology, considers as the
“arch-Darwinian” influence of sociobiologists and behavioral
geneticists. (See

Richard Dawkins interview with Rose on YouTube.
). As
Glad notes, it was in part a collective response to the
publication of

Edward O. Wilson`s
Sociobiology, Arthur R.
Jensen`s

landmark research
in racial differences in IQ,

Richard Dawkins
`s The Selfish Gene,

Richard Herrnstein
and Charles Murray`s

The Bell Curve.

Similarly, the

insistence
that minor discrepancies in Cyril Burt`s
twin studies data were fraudulent is part of this larger
effort to discredit any research that underscores the

contribution of genetics to human behavior,
which
Glad summarizes.


Paradoxically, however, over the years Jewish scholars
have played and are still playing an active role as pioneers in eugenic
research. As Glad notes, contributors to the
Eugenics Quarterly “or whose
work is reviewed or advertised there”
include:
William E. Fineberg, Joseph Felsenstein, Bertram
Fleshler, H. Green, Bernard Greenburg, Arnold R. Kaplan,
R. C. Lewontin, Samuel Levin, N. Mantel, Ashley Montagu,
Edward Pohlman, Reich Rosenthal, J. Samuelson, and
Melvin Zelnick. Geneticist Irving Isadore Gottesman
served as an officer of the American Eugenics Society in
the late 1960s.


This paradox constitutes the core of
Jewish Eugenics.
Glad contrasts Jewish intellectual hostility to
eugenics, reflected in

contemporary authors

 
on the Holocaust, with the pioneering work of
leading Jewish researchers seeking to eliminate genetic
diseases (to which Jews are disproportionately prone),
increase fertility rates, and enhance IQ levels in the
Jewish gene pool.


One important focus of Jewish eugenic research has been

Jewish fertility rates
, including concerns over the
level of out breeding (intermarriage
rates
between Jews and non-Jews). Glad summarizes a
multitude of sources, including various studies and
quotes of prominent Jews, which over the years reveal
the intense interest in Jewish fertility, genetic
screening, and the elimination of Jewish genetic
diseases such as
Tay-Sachs
,

Bloom`s Syndrome
, Mucolipidosis type IV (ML
IV
), and a host of other hereditary conditions.
(Various websites bolster Glad`s arguments, such as the
Jewish
Genetic Disease Consortium
, the Mount Sinai School
of Medicine`s Jewish
Genetics Disease Center
and
MazorGuide`s
Jewish Genetic Diseases
)


None other than American Zionist activist

Alan Dershowitz
summarized the

essential concern
in his book
The Vanishing American Jew:



“Despite, perhaps because of, the growing threats of
assimilation, intermarriage, and low birthrates, many
Jews are writing about the Jewish future. Many more are
thinking and speaking about it. The time is ripe for
bringing our disparate ideas together in a collective
enterprise devoted to devising a plan—or plans—of action
to preserve the Jewish future…. There is no reason why
one of the oldest continuing human civilizations cannot
turn to the newest of technologies to enhance its
prospects for the future. For the first time in our long
history, our survival is in our own hands, and not in
those of our enemies.”


Glad documents in unprecedented detail the dual roles
that Jews have played over the past four decades in
distorting the legacy of the eugenics movement while
aggressively advancing a eugenic agenda to fortify
Jewish culture and Zionism. Glad shows how Jews
maintained an active role in the eugenics movement in a
compelling narrative, threaded with a multitude of
examples, of Zionists and Rabbinical clerics warning in
the early twentieth century of the dangers of intermarriage”
with non-Jews.


Examples Glad puts forth include: the founding of
The Journal of
Jewish Demography and Statistics
(Zeitschrift
für Demographie und Statistik der Juden
) in
1904, which among other research areas, examined
“Jewish biology”;
statements attributed to leading

Zionists
, such as

Ze`ev Jabotinsky,
over concern of
“complete
assimilation”
of Jews into non-Jewish societies and

that the

“source of national feeling…lies in a man`s blood…in his
racio-physical type”
; prominent Zionist physician
Aaron Sandler

warning in
Anthropology and Zionism
that inbreeding and
“separating out”
alien blood have helped Jewry remain racially pure (rassenrein); and a host of observations over the years by prominent
Jewish eugenicists and physicians on the necessity of
preserving Jewish heritage.


Glad notes that



“For all its excesses, eugenics has been an astounding,
indeed and existential success for Jews, molding them
into a uniquely resourceful and intelligent people, and
the current assault on eugenics by an understandably
emotion-driven minority Jewish faction represents a
frontal assault on the very essence of Jewry.”


In a revealing

Q & A interview in
The Occidental Quarterly
,
Glad explains his
interest in a subject that, he says, would end the
career of any aspiring young academic.
 He argues
eugenics is simply a matter of human rights:



“I define humanity, not as the totality of people alive
today, but as the totality of people who will ever live.
Thus the greater good argument (utilitarian ethics)
dictates that we assume our parental responsibilities”


(Glad also argues in his
TOQ interview
that there is no inherent conflict between eugenics and
religion and that
[g]iven the reality of

Jewish political muscle
, the only way that eugenics
can resume its formerly leading role is to explain to
the Jewish community that they are acting contrary to
their own best interests. The same is true for
immigration controls.”
)


 Glad ultimately
frames the essence of the matter:



“How, the reader must invariably ask, has it come about
that the fundamental pro-eugenics thrust—not just of
Judaism and Zionism, but of Jewry in its essence and
totality—has been so assiduously concealed, but that
eugenics has been

wed in the public consciousness
to a tragic
infatuation with the topic on the part of a political
figure who put a bullet through his brain in a besieged
Berlin bunker?



“The Jewish attitude toward eugenics is truly
paradoxical. We are dealing here with a disconnect
between practice and theory. For lack of a proper
understanding of the nature of eugenics as a worldview,
the rage has been directed at the word, so that a number
of alternative terms have been proposed—`reproductive
genetics
`, for example (as if such a beast as
`non-reproductive genetics` actually existed). It is
like writing an encyclopedia article about horses
without using the word `horse`.”


Of course, Jewish
Eugenics
deserved a major trade publisher and mass
distribution, like the anti-eugenics cottage industry it
so effectively refutes. But, given the current climate,
Glad has found only a minor press. This has some
unfortunate consequences. The core of the book, after an
introductory essay, is an extensive 271-page
“Micro-Chronology
of Jewish Eugenics”
which has a somewhat cumbersome
format.


But the material is eye-opening. Glad`s

“Micro-chronology”
is the print equivalent of
time-lapse photography. The reader can track over time
simultaneous developments in Jewish advocacy of
eugenics, Jewish rejection of eugenics, and the annual
context of events.


Glad cites  some
400 sources (pro- and anti-eugenic statements), which
span over 150 years—from 1844, with the
famous claim
of

Benjamin Disraeli
`s character, Sidonia, in the
novel, Tancred, All
is race; there is no other truth
to

statements on U.S. immigration policy in 2010
from
former Director of National Affairs at the American
Jewish Committee Stephen Steinlight). Glad`s sources
include path-breaking findings from genetic studies of
Jewish groups, observations of researchers from Jewish
universities, and a multitude of quotations from Israeli
politicians, professors at Ben-Gurion University,
prominent American Jews, various rabbinical authorities,
newspaper editorials, book reviews as well as Jewish and
non-Jewish IQ researchers, such as

Richard Lynn
and evolutionary psychologist
Kevin
MacDonald
.


Glad dedicates his book
“to the memory of
those Jewish and non-Jewish eugenicists who were
defamed
and persecuted in the Western world….”


Jewish Eugenics
is an indispensible manual for anyone interested in
deconstructing the paradoxical Jewish achievement in
simultaneously advancing and discrediting the eugenics
movement.



Cooper Sterling [
email
him]
 is a freelance
writer in the w:st="on">Washington, DC
area.