Attacking The Confederate Battle Flag:

Chronicles – July 17, 2000

An Example of Northern White

by Joseph E. Fallon

Those Northern whites who
love "the Stars and Stripes" but
attack, or condone the attack, upon the
Confederate Battle Flag are engaged in an act of
self-righteous hypocrisy that will come back to
haunt them.

The Confederate Battle
Flag is incorporated into the State Flags of
both Georgia and Mississippi, and was the
inspiration for the designs of the State Flags
of Alabama, Arkansas, and Florida. In its own
right, the Confederate Battle Flag officially
flies in an honorary position over the South
Carolina legislature below the U.S. and South
Carolina flags.

Opponents of the
Confederate Battle Flag allege it is a symbol of
slavery, treason, and sedition. They, therefore,
demand it be expunged from the State Flags and
prohibited from being officially displayed.

Other writers have
documented how the Southern soldiers who fought
under the Confederate Battle Flag did not fight
to protect slavery — there were fewer than
350,000 slave owners in a population of more
than 5 million whites — but to defend their families, homes, and States from a rapacious,
invading army.

However, for argument`s
sake, let us agree that any flag associated with
slavery, treason, and sedition should be banned
from being officially displayed by the federal
and State governments of the United States. When
can we expect the official banning of "the
Stars and Stripes"?

A far more compelling case
can be made against "the Stars and
Stripes" as a symbol of slavery, treason,
and sedition than against the Confederate Battle

Before examining slavery,
the allegations of treason and sedition should
first be addressed. Treason is defined as an
overt act in violation of the allegiance one
owes his sovereign or state such as levying war
against it, or giving aid or comfort to its
enemies. Sedition is defined as incitement to
commit acts for the purpose of overthrowing
one`s government.  The American
Revolutionaries were guilty of both crimes.

There was no legal right
under British law for a colony to secede from
the British Empire. The actions of the American
Revolutionaries — from the Boston Tea Party, to
publishing pamphlets calling for independence,
to convening the Continental Congress, to taking
up arms at Lexington and Concord — were
treasonous and seditious. Their flag, "the
Stars and Stripes", therefore, was a symbol
of treason and sedition. Patrick Henry was most
candid when he allegedly declared in his 1765
speech against the Stamp Act: "Caesar had
his Brutus — Charles the First, his Cromwell —
and George the Third — may profit by their
example. If this be treason, make the most of

But there is more. 
The revolutionaries in 1776 represented a
minority of the population of the thirteen
colonies — perhaps as little as twenty percent.
So much for the American Revolution being a
"popular" movement.

In many cases, to insure
colonial legislatures enacted the
"proper" laws, the revolutionaries
often expelled loyalist members. So much for the
American Revolution being a
"democratic" movement.

Often, the revolutionaries
simply established their own rival local
governments. This second tactic was styled
"dual power" or "double
sovereignty" by the Bolsheviks who
successfully employed it during the Russian
Revolution. So much for the American Revolution
being a model for the emergence of
"democratic" governments elsewhere.

The revolutionaries
rejected the British peace proposals of 1778,
which, in effect, would have conceded most of
their demands. Instead, they pursued their war
against the United Kingdom with all its faults
the most democratic government in Europe. To win
that war, the revolutionaries solicited the
support of France and Spain — two of the most
powerful, anti-democratic regimes in Europe. So
much for the American Revolution being a
movement motivated by the principle of

After the success of the
American Revolution with the political
independence of the United States officially
recognized by London, "the Stars and
Stripes" became the symbol for what is now
termed "ethnic cleansing". An
estimated one hundred thousand loyalists,
colonists who had been faithful to the British
government during the American Revolution, were
forced to flee the new republic.

But "the Stars and
Stripes" did not cease being a symbol of
sedition even after the United States achieved
its independence in 1783. Six years later, the
first republic of the United States under the
"Articles of Confederation and Perpetual
Union" was overthrown by the Constitutional
Convention. The legitimate government of the
United States did not authorize a new
constitution. Its instruction to the
Constitutional Convention was explicit "for
the sole and express purpose of revising the
Articles of Confederation". Under Article
13 of the Articles of Confederation, no revision
was legally permitted "unless such
alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the
United States, and be afterward confirmed by the
Legislatures of every State."

Despite instructions and
procedures, the Constitutional Convention,
boycotted by Rhode Island, illegally drafted a
new constitution, which unconstitutionally
declared that ratification by only nine of the
thirteen States was necessary for adoption. Many
of the Founding Fathers of the first republic,
including Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton,
James Madison, and George Washington, were among
the delegates to the Constitutional Convention.
They were making a habit of engaging in

Unlike the British Empire
in 1776, the right of secession was recognized
as a constitutional right in the United States
after 1789. The charges of "treason and
sedition" against the Confederate Battle
Flag — 1861 to 1865 — are, therefore, false.
The right of secession from the second republic
established by the U.S. Constitution was
explicitly asserted as a reserved right of the
States by Virginia, New York, and Rhode Island
in their respective ratifications of that
document. The other States acknowledged
secession as a constitutional right when they
accepted without any qualifications the
ratifications of Virginia, New York, and Rhode
Island. The constitutional right of a State to
secede from the Union was taught at the United
States Military Academy at West Point. The books
used were Views of the Constitution by
William Rawle, an abolitionist, and a friend of
Franklin and Washington, which expressly
affirmed a State`s right to secede and Commentaries
on American Law
by James Kent, which
implicitly acknowledged the reserved rights of
the States. Historically, the most zealous proponent of secession was
Massachusetts. Massachusetts, and other New
England States, threatened to secede from the
United States in 1787, 1796, 1800, 1803, 1811,
1814, and 1845.

Under Abraham Lincoln, it
was "the Stars and Stripes", not the
Confederate Battle Flag, that became the symbol
of sedition in 1861. Lincoln overthrew the
second republic of the United States established
by the U.S. Constitution when he launched his
war against the South. As the U.S. Supreme Court
ruled in the "Prize Cases, December 1862:
"[Congress] cannot declare war against a
State or any number of States by virtue of any
clause in the Constitution… [The President]
has no power to initiate or declare war against
a foreign nation or a domestic State…Several
of these States have combined to form a new
Confederacy, claiming to be acknowledged by the
world as a Sovereign State … Their right to do
so is now being decided by wager of

"The Stars and
Stripes" was the symbol of a regime that
made arbitrary arrests, suspended habeas corpus,
curtailed freedom of speech, press, and
assembly. The number of political prisoners has
been estimated as high as 38,000. The
Legislature of Maryland was overthrown by
Lincoln`s military. The Chicago Times was
among hundreds of Northern newspapers suppressed
for expressing "incorrect" views. As
late as May 18, 1864, Lincoln was ordering his
military to "arrest and imprison…the
editors, proprietors and publishers of the New York World and the New York Journal of Commerce."

Now to the issue of
slavery. "The Stars and Stripes"
symbolizes a country that was conceived and
established as a slave republic. Boston`s
Faneuil Hall, "Cradle of American
Independence", had been built by money from
the slave trade. John Hancock of Massachusetts
— President of the Continental Congress that
issued the Declaration of Independence on July
4, 1776 — was, himself, involved in the slave

When the Declaration of
Independence was signed, the institution of
slavery was legally sanctioned in all thirteen
colonies. There were, in fact, twice as many
slaves in New York than in Georgia.

One of the grievances
cited in the Declaration of Independence for the
thirteen colonies seceding from the British
Empire was London`s policy of freeing the
slaves. Or as the revolutionaries
euphemistically phrased it — "excit[ing]
domestic insurrection".

The defense of slavery
opens and closes the American Revolution. 
Prior to the Declaration of Independence,
revolutionaries overthrew the Royal Governor of
Virginia, Lord Dunmore, because of his
proclamation of November 7, 1775 freeing any
slave who would fight to defend the government
of King George III.

And in 1783 when the
British army withdrew from an independent United
States, at least 18,000 slaves freed by the
Crown joined the British exodus. South Carolina
lost as much as one-third of its black

During the war, itself,
the revolutionaries allied themselves with two
of the largest slave empires — France and
Spain. In the latter case, "the Stars and
Stripes" allied itself with the

Under the U.S.
Constitution, adopted in 1789, slavery
constituted the basis for taxation and
representation in the second republic. 
This new Constitution not only legally
recognized and protected the institution of
slavery, but that of the slave trade as well.
The former was the South`s peculiar institution;
the latter was the North`s peculiar institution.

The U.S. Constitution
recognized slavery in perpetuity unless the
Constitution, itself, was amended, while the
existence of the slave trade was guaranteed for,
at least, twenty years.  Northern States
held a monopoly on the lucrative slave trade.
Therefore, when the slave trade to the United
States was outlawed in 1808, the Northern slave
ships, flying "the Stars and Stripes",
simply smuggled the slaves into the country. As
late as December 1858, a New York City slave
ship smuggled several hundred slaves into
Georgia. Under the protection of "the Stars
and Stripes", Northern slave ships sold
slaves to Cuba and Brazil.

But, it will be argued by
Northern whites that the United States, or at
least the Northern States, evolved. They became
"free" States outlawing slavery, and,
thereby, converting "the Stars and
Stripes" into a Northern symbol of
opposition to slavery and affirmation that
"all men are created equal". 

What were the conditions
of blacks in the Northern States of the United
States? Alexis de Tocqueville wrote: "[T]he prejudice of the race appears
stronger in the States that have abolished
slaves than in the States where slavery still
exists. White carpenters, white bricklayers, and
white painters will not work side by side with
the blacks in the North but do it in almost
every Southern State…"

A number of Northern
States, led by New Jersey, enacted laws
forbidding free blacks from residing in their
"free" States. Massachusetts passed a
law to flog blacks that entered that State and
remained there longer than two months. In 1853,
the Constitution of Indiana declared that
"no negro or mulatto shall come into or
settle in the state." That same year,
Illinois, "Land of Lincoln", passed a
law "to prevent the immigration of free
negroes into this state". In 1862, while the Civil War was raging, the citizens of Illinois
amended their State constitution declaring:
"No negro or mulatto shall immigrate or
settle in this state."  In 1857, the
Constitution of Oregon stated: "No free
negro or mulatto, not residing in this state at
the time of adoption [of this constitution]…
shall come, reside, or be within this

Northern "free"
States had already enacted laws disenfranchising
their existing free black populations. New
Jersey initiated this policy in 1808, followed
by Connecticut in 1814, Rhode Island in 1822 and
Pennsylvania 1838. By 1860, only five of
twenty-four Northern "free" States
allowed free blacks to vote. Immediately after
the Civil War, laws to enfranchise blacks were
rejected by eight of those Northern States.

Then there was the
lucrative Northern business of kidnapping free
blacks living in Northern "free"
States and selling them into slavery. New York
was a major center of this activity.

Between July 13-16, 1863,
shortly after the Battle of Gettysburg, New York
City was the scene of one of the worst race
riots in United States history, the infamous
"draft riots", in which an estimated
one thousand blacks, possible more, were

Northern whites will
protest what about the Civil War? 
"The Stars and Stripes" was the flag
of freedom. The war was a war to end slavery and establish racial equality
throughout the United States.  Really?

In his First Inaugural
Address, on March 4, 1861, Lincoln reiterated
his position: "I have no purpose, directly
or indirectly, to interfere with the institution
of slavery in the States where it exists. 
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I
have no inclination to do so."

On September 11, 1861,
Lincoln countermanded General Fremont`s order
freeing the slaves in Missouri. Eight months
later, on May 19, 1862, he countermanded General
Hunter`s order freeing the slaves in Georgia,
Florida, and South Carolina.

On August 14, 1862,
Lincoln spoke to a delegation of blacks at the
White House on his proposal that blacks should
leave the United States and colonize some other
land. His reason: "But even when you cease
to be slaves, you are yet far removed from being
placed on an equality with the white race…

It is better for us both [black and
white], therefore, to be separated… I suppose
one of the principal difficulties in the way of
colonization is that the free colored man cannot
see that his comfort would be advanced by it…
This is (I speak in no unkind sense) an
extremely selfish view of the case… If
intelligent colored men, such as are before me,
would move in this matter, much might be
accomplished…The place I am thinking about for
a colony is in Central America".

A week later, in a letter
to Horace Greeley dated August 22, 1862, Lincoln
wrote: "If I could save the Union without
freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could
save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do
it; and if I could save it by freeing some and
leaving others alone, I would also do

In his Annual Message to
Congress, December 1, 1862, Lincoln urged
Congress to adopt constitutional amendments to
postpone final emancipation until January 1,
1900 and to ship "free colored persons,
with their own consent" out of the country.

On February 3, 1865, at
the Hampton Roads Conference, Lincoln and
Secretary of State, William Seward, met official
representatives of the Confederate Government to
discuss terms for ending the war.  Lincoln
supported Seward`s proposal that the Southern
States quickly rejoin the Union so that the 13th
Amendment — abolishing slavery — then pending
before Congress could be voted down.

Northern whites will claim
"the Stars and Stripes", nevertheless,
became a symbol of liberty when Lincoln issued
his own "Emancipation Proclamation"
freeing the slaves. His Emancipation
Proclamation did not free a single slave. 
It applied only to those areas of the
Confederacy still in rebel hands. As Lincoln`s
own Secretary of State, William Seward,
declared, with disgust, "We show our
sympathy with slavery by emancipating slaves
where we cannot reach them, and holding them in
bondage where we can set them free." 
The Emancipation Proclamation stated: "all
persons held as slaves within any State, or
designated part of a State, the people whereof
shall then be in rebellion against the United
States, shall be then, thenceforth, and forever
free". Under its terms, slavery remained
legally intact in the slave States that remained
"loyal" to the Union — Delaware,
Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri — and in those
portions of the Confederacy under Union
occupation. When West Virginia, through the
intervention of an invading Union Army, seceded
from Virginia and was unconstitutionally
admitted into the United States on June 20,
1863, six months after the final Emancipation
Proclamation was issued, it entered as a —
slave State.

The Emancipation
Proclamation was a propaganda devise. As Lincoln
explained to a delegation of clergy on September
13, 1862, nine days before his preliminary
proclamation was issued: "I view this
matter as a practical war measure, to be decided
on according to the advantages or disadvantages
it may offer to the suppression of the
rebellion." Lincoln countermanded the
earlier emancipation proclamations issued by his
Generals Fremont and Hunter because he believed
their decrees would increase Northern opposition
to his war. But with the demise of the
Confederacy nowhere in sight, Lincoln then
decided to employ "emancipation" as a
military necessity.

His Emancipation
Proclamation sought two objectives.
Internationally, it was to dissuade the United
Kingdom and France from recognizing the
independence of the Confederate States of
America. As Lincoln explained, the proclamation:
"would help us in Europe, and convince them
that we are incited by something more than
ambition."  "Domestically",
it was to incite slaves to murder defenseless
white women and children on the farms and in the
cities of the Confederacy, thereby, resulting in
the disintegration of the Confederate Armies as
individual soldiers abandon the field to return
home to save the lives of their families. 
The Emancipation Proclamation was a call not for
liberty, but for a race war and genocide. 
Lincoln admitted this to those visiting clerics
in September 1862. He proclaimed: "I have a
right to take any measure which may best subdue
the enemy; nor do I urge objections of a moral
nature, in view of possible consequences of
insurrection and massacre at the South."

In issuing his
Emancipation Proclamation as an incitement for
slaves to massacre Southern white women and
children, Lincoln was continuing his policy of
deliberately violating international rules of
war — rules that had evolved over the course of
centuries to limit the scope of war`s death and
destruction. "The Stars and Stripes",
under Lincoln, became a symbol of total war
against the innocent. Food and medicine were
declared to be contraband.  Women and
children, the sick and the elderly were
considered legitimate targets of war.

Lincoln`s policy was
enunciated in "Instructions for the
Government of Armies of the United States in the
Field" (General Orders, No. 100, 1863).
Among the acts declared to be lawful were
subjecting Southern non-combatants to the
"hardships of war", starving Southern
non-combatants, and bombarding places housing
Southern women and children.

In a letter dated January
31, 1864, General W.T. Sherman elaborated on how
all Southerners may be treated under these
instructions. He wrote: "the Government of
the United States has…any and all rights which
they may choose to enforce war, to take their
lives, their homes, their lands, their every
thing…to the petulant and persistent
secessionist, why death is mercy, and the
quicker he or she is disposed of, the
better". Six months later, June 21, 1864,
Sherman added Southern white children to that
"class of people…who must be killed or

With this official license
to kill and destroy, wanton destruction —
including raping, pillaging, plundering, and
arson on unprecedented scales — was unleashed
upon Georgia and the Carolinas by General
Sherman, upon the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia
by General Sheridan and upon the western
counties of Missouri by General Ewing.

Under Lincoln, "the
Stars and Stripes" became a symbol of
political assassination as well. The
instructions found on the body of Colonel
Dahlgren after he and many of his men were
killed in their failed raid on Richmond, March
3, 1864, revealed his mission was to assassinate
President Jefferson Davis and the entire
Confederate cabinet.

But, back to the issue of
slavery. Lincoln`s Emancipation Proclamation
declared all the slaves in areas of the
Confederacy still in rebel hands "forever
free". But what happened to those
"freed" slaves when they finally came
under the protection of "the Stars and
Stripes"? They were told by the North they could now "choose" their
employers and that they must be "paid"
for their labor. But in reality,
"freed" slaves were often re-enslaved
by the North under the fiction of a one-year
work contract. Many slaves were forced to work
on plantations operated by Northerners, or
Southerners who had taken the oath of allegiance
to the U.S. government.  They could suffer
a loss of pay or rations for acts of laziness,
disobedience or insolence. They were often
required to obtain a pass if they wished to
leave the plantation. And they were subject to
provost marshals who were employed to insure
that the "freed" slaves displayed
"faithful service, respectful deportment,
correct discipline and perfect
subordination". Other slaves
"freed" by Lincoln`s Emancipation
Proclamation found themselves forced to build
installations and fortifications for the Union

What of the approximately
180,000 blacks, mostly Southern slaves, who
rushed to join the Union army, Northern whites
will ask? Did they not fight for freedom under
"the Stars and Stripes"?  Did

In May 1862, Secretary of
the Treasury, Salmon Chase received this report:
"The negroes were sad…Sometimes whole
plantations, learning what was going on, ran off
to the woods for refugee…This mode of
[enlistment by] violent seizure is

In a communiqué to
General Ulysses S. Grant, General John A. Logan
noted: "A major of colored troops is here
with his party capturing negroes, with or
without their consent….They are being

From Tennessee, General
Rousseau to General Thomas: "Officers in
command of colored troops are in constant habit
of pressing all able-bodied slaves into the
military service of the U.S."

From Virginia, 1864,
General Innis N. Palmer to General Butler:
"The negroes will not go voluntarily, so I
am obliged to force them…The matter of
collecting the colored men for laborers has been
one of some difficulty…They must be forced to
go,…this may be considered a harsh measure,
but…we must not stop at trifles."

From South Carolina,
August 16, 1864, General Hunter, (the same
officer who had earlier issued an emancipation
order that was countermanded by Lincoln) issued
an order from the headquarters of the Department
of the South at Hilton Head declaring: "All
able-bodied colored men between the ages of
eighteen and fifty within the lines of the
Department of the South, who have had an
opportunity to enlist voluntarily and refused to
do so, shall be drafted into the military
services of the United States, to serve as
non-commissioned officers and soldiers in the
various regiments and batteries now being
organized in the Department."

From the Memoir of General
W.T. Sherman; "When we reached Savannah we
were beset by ravenous State Agents from Hilton
Head, South Carolina, who enticed and carried
away our servants and the corps of pioneers
[i.e. laborers]…On one occasion my own
aide-de-camp…found at least a hundred poor
negroes shut up in a house and pen, waiting for
night, to be conveyed stealthily to Hilton Head.
They appealed to him for protection alleging
that they had been told they must be
soldiers…I knew that the State Agents were
more influenced by the profit they derived from
the large bounties than by any love of country
or of the colored race."

As late as February 7,
1865, Lincoln wrote to Lieutenant-Colonel Glenn
operating in Kentucky, that "Complaint is
made to me that you are forcing negroes into the
military service, and even torturing them".

This is the history of
"the Stars and Stripes" those Northern
whites who attack, or condone the attack, upon
the Confederate Battle Flag choose to ignore.

If as these Northern
whites demand the Confederate Battle Flag should
be banned on the ground it is a symbol of a
country which recognized slavery as a legal
institution, what of "the Stars and
Stripes"? The Confederate States of America
existed for just four years. By the logic of
their argument, "the Stars and
Stripes" must be banned because it, too, is
a symbol of a country which also recognized
slavery as a legal institution. And not for four
years, but for eighty-five years prior to the
birth of the Southern Confederacy — and for
more than half a year after that Confederacy had
been crushed.

Northern whites should not
dismiss the idea that "the Stars and
Stripes" could be banned. In October 1996,
in an article for The Atlantic Monthly,
Conor Cruise O`Brien, called for the removal of
Thomas Jefferson from the pantheon of American
heroes because the author of the Declaration of
Independence was a "racist". That same
month, in the Washington Times, Richard
Grenier, after comparing Jefferson to Nazi
Gestapo chief, Heinrich Himmler, demanded that
the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, DC be
demolished "stone by stone". In
November 1997, the black-controlled New Orleans
school board had George Washington`s name
removed from a local elementary school because
Washington was a slave owner.

Well, "the Stars and
Stripes" was the flag of Washington and
Jefferson. If official recognition can be
withdrawn from two of the Founding Fathers, why
not withdraw it from their flag as well? 
Such a demand, in fact, has already been made.
"The Stars and Stripes" was temporally
removed from two schoolrooms — one in
California, the other in Michigan — in response
to the demand of Third World militants who
claimed that the flag was a symbol of
"racism" and "oppression".

As Third World immigration
undemocratically transforms the United States
from a European-American majority nation into a
European-American minority nation, the demand to
ban "the Stars and Stripes" — because
it is a symbol of "racism",
"oppression", "white
supremacy", "Eurocentrism",
"exclusion", "intolerance",
etc. — will grow.

If, or when, the
"Stars and Stripes" is banned,
Northern whites will have no one to blame but
themselves.  For in their unjustified
attack upon the Confederate Battle Flag, they
have provided the very arguments that most
effectively undermine the legitimacy of
"the Stars and Stripes".