But I don’t accept the apparently exclusive identification of positive ethnocentrism with bearers of low IQs living in poverty. Some of the most persistently ethnocentric groups, starting but hardly concluding with Jews and Japanese, have very high IQs.
It’s also doubtful that Europeans lacked a strong ethnic consciousness until fairly recently. Frenchmen, Germans, Italians, Russians, etc. viewed themselves as being different from each other and preferred marrying and living in their own groups. Euro-Americans certainly considered blacks as being biologically different from themselves; and in the twentieth century European racial theorists even argued that Jews were inherently different from Aryans.The attempt to present Euro-Americans as devoid of ethnocentric sentiments because of their commercial instincts is based on a very narrow historical perspective. It may reflect the effort to generalize over the centuries on the basis of the kinds of societies that Western Europeans (but not Eastern Europeans) have created in recent decades.In the seventeenth century France was governed by a divine-right monarchy; and the French aristocracy claimed to be born of Frankish stock, unlike the inherently inferior Celtic-Roman serfs who worked on seigniorial estates.Why is the France of the seventeenth century less “Western” than the one that Welton and his sources analyze?Welton, and perhaps Lynn, make the mistake of assuming that the Western world and its inhabitants always resembled the kind of post-modern society they’re now observing. This may be like associating the present Harlem district of New York with the Harlem of the 1850s.