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From: Mark Bridgeman (e-mail him)
Re: Edwin S. Rubenstein`s Column: Upward Mobility Eludes Blacks—Is Immigration The Reason
Rubenstein mentions that household incomes now typically reflect that both spouses are working.
This is a mostly ignored fact in most discussions of long-term economic trends. My Mom did not work outside the home during most of her adult life as my father provided a comfortable family living with his salary.
Even accounting for today`s generally higher consumption level, the median family relies on two incomes to make ends meet.
An additional note on income trends—black women`s salaries have not risen as much as white women during 1974-2004. In the same three-decade period, as Rubenstein pointed out, the number of white women working outside the home has exploded.
I would bet you a soda pop that this is because, in 1974, more black women, of necessity, worked outside the home, generally in lower skill jobs. Data might be sparse on this because I suspect that many working blacks of an earlier era were "off the books".
Bridgeman is an engineer.