has a piece in the latest National Review
(dead tree version) in which he seems to be apologizing for crimes of which he himself is not guilty. The Right's Civil Wrongs
--On the intellectual roots of a troubled legacy, June
21, 2010 [Subscriber link]. You can see some of his argument here in NRO's Corner blog.
We call this cheap grace. It's bad enough apologizing for crimes you never committed, and that no living American has committed, just on the strength of having ancestors who did. But what if you're apologizing for other peoples' ancestors?
Ponnuru is from Prairie Village, Kansas. His parents were, I believe, first generation immigrants from the Indian subcontinent. This makes him Not Guilty
of segregation, and all the other sins of Jim Crow America, which includes the denial of voting rights.
I understand that Ponnuru deprecates arguments based on what the President calls "Race And Inheritance
"—he is, after all, the author A Conservative No More
, The tribal politics of Pat Buchanan
, October 11, 1999.
But there it is—when we see, for example, Ponnuru arguing
in favor of a modified limited enforcement with Shikha Dalmia, Reason
's Indian-American immigration enthusiast, we can't help wondering if this argument couldn't use some regular Americans in it.
Dalmia:"Regardless of what defenders of the law claim, this can't help but lead to racial profiling of brown-skinned, non-blue-eyed furhners (like Ramesh and myself) who speak with an accent (unlike Ramesh, but like myself)…"
Maybe, but what's her point? There are twenty million illegals currently in the United States—foreigners who are here legally should be expected to prove it.
In My Love Affair with America, Norman Podhoretz
, whose father was an immigrant, wrote
of his generation's feeling of disconnection with the historic American nation:
"I could never quite get over the feeling that I was not as 'real' an American as someone whose people had come here earlier than mine. Sometimes I would joke about this, as when, in the early days of our marriage, my wife, who wrote (and still does) under the name Midge Decter, and I drove one summer Fort Ticonderoga in upstate New York to visit what we thought of as an American shrine. But as we approached the gate, the first thing we saw was a sign informing the public that this was the site of several major battles in the French and Indian wars of the 1750s. 'The French and Indian wars?' I burst out in mock indignation, 'what's that got to do with me?' At this, in our ignorance, both giggled, and in an antic gesture of protest I turned the car around without ever entering the fort. "
It would never have occurred to Podhoretz, as it did to Edmund Wilson,
that he owed Apologies To The Iroquois.
(Wilson was wrong—the Iroquois were brutal, murderous, warriors
, who wouldn't have asked you to apologize—like a Bond villain, they would just ask you to die.
This disconnect, rather than the simple passage of time, is probably why Ponnuru refers to the Goldwaterites as "they".
"They also erred about the Constitution, even as they, like Paul, urged restraint in its name. Too many conservatives in the Sixties treated the claim that the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution are not valid law as though it were a serious argument. But even those who were immune to this kookery acted as though the enactment of these amendments had changed nothing.
I had forgotten about that argument about the Fourteenth Amendment. (You can see it here: There is No "Fourteenth Amendment"!
by David Lawrence, U.S. News & World Report,
September 27, 1957.) The problem with this argument, not totally kooky, is the same as the much kookier argument
about the Sixteenth Amendment used by tax protestors—neither of them is going away until the Federal Government does, which it won't.
However, Ponnuru thinks that the Civil Rights Laws, including the ones that invaded private property rights
, and destroyed States Rights were necessary to break the Southern resistance to integration. He thinks this is an important goal, presumably at least in part because of his own marginal ethnicity.
The Supreme Court in Plessy
had struck down the Civil Rights Act of 1875 because it seemed that the amendment only applied to the Government. But, according to Ponnuru,
"Its reasoning was too narrow, as should have been apparent by the 1960s. Jim Crow was a deeply rooted social system with many facets that blurred the private-public distinction. Governments discriminated against citizens, and ordered the private sector to discriminate. Privately organized terrorism was allowed by the state. It was entirely reasonable for a constitutionally conscientious legislator to conclude that the only way for Congress to enforce the guarantee that states offer equal protection to all citizens was to uproot the whole system: Force the states to allow blacks to vote; require hotels and theaters to treat customers without regard to race; ban employers from considering race as well; end every part of the system that could be ended."If this reasoning suffices to overcome constitutional scruples about the legislation, it should also suffice to overcome libertarian ones."
But maybe "this reasoning" shouldn't
have overcome constitutional scruples—the side effects of federalizing every lunch counter in American have been horrible. (How did the Supremes justify "lunch" as interstate commerce? Simple, they looked at the shelves in restaurants, and saw cornflakes from Battle Creek, Michigan, and chocolate bars from Hershey, Pennsylvania
. Bingo! Interstate commerce.)
Does Ponnuru actually know
what modern civil rights law is? Or what effects it has had on society?
- The anti-discrimination laws are responsible for the horrors of the modern affirmative action/quota system. (See When Quotas Replace Merit, Everybody Suffers by Peter Brimelow and Leslie Spencer). That is, Ponnuru's article supports anti-discrimination law but opposes quotas—but you can't have anti-discrimination law without quotas.
- The effect of civil rights law on law enforcement and public safety is palpable, and we're still recovering from the crime waves of the sixties, seventies, eighties, and nineties. See my Civil Rights Law Doesn't Care If You Die.
- The disparate impact decision of the Supreme Court, Griggs vs. Duke Power—which says that if minorities fail tests at a higher rate than whites, it's the test that's wrong—was decided pursuant to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
- This decision affects every employment decision in the United States, forcing employers to throw out any test or standard that blacks score lower on than whites, on average. This turns out to be all standards except height: See my Disparate Impact: Legal And Political.
The basic point here: even allowing the basic injustice of segregation and voting rights discrimination, everything that that principled critics of Civil Rights legislation, from William F. Buckley
, (before he changed
) and Barry Goldwater, to Frank Meyer,
who criticized Jim Crow and the civil rights laws
in the same 1963 National Review
column, has come true.
So have a surprising number of the horrors
that the actual segregationists expected.
Ponnuru is wrong. Rand Paul
is right. (Or was, before he backed off). So was Goldwater.
Previous Ponnuru columns, not that we're obsessed:
Ponnuru. Or not, if you don't think he's worth it.